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International commerce competitive despite any country's domestic policies. Attempts to fix prices and restrict international competition failed due to growth and development within the industry, especially in the form of charter air lines. National governments and protectionism. Expenses of commerical air transportation. Political justification for protection of scheduled services. Problems with the disparity of domestic vs. international airfares. Public interest vs. political considerations and convenience. The dangers of government subsidization of international non-protected routes and the burden of costly operations of airport facilities on the airline industry in Canada.