EST. 1903 - Presenting global influential leaders from business, labour, education & government through events
Maclagan, Sir Eric Robert Dalrymple
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Effects of very wide reaching character in England, even touching those sequestered places, museums, of the war and the continued bombing from the air. The crisis for all forms of life, including those which could be summed up in the word "Culture." A story to illustrate the people of London during the bombing raids. The effect of the war on various artists. First, writers. An increase in the demand for books. The war providing writers with an additional subject of absorbing interest. The loss of W.B. Yeats just before the war. T.S. Eliot's continued writing during the war, and his reward of the highest honour which the King can confer, the Order of Merit. Somerset Maugham's admirable work produced during the war, as well as many others. People with whom the speaker was directly concerned at the Victoria and Albert Museum. The lack of materials of almost all kinds available to craftsmen. The decrease in demand for their work. The founding of an institution to assist these craftsmen: the Central Institute of Arts and Design. The same situation for sculptors and painters. The near impossibility of getting canvasses, paints, and other materials. Assistance from the Government. Employment of artists on war work. These artists also provided with a fresh group of subjects due to the war. Some examples in Graham Sutherland and Henry Moore. Commissions given to these two artists. Musicians very active during the war years. The immense activity in theatre during the war, and the natural reasons for that. Very little work for architects during the war, but much reconstruction work following the end of the war. The effect of the war on the public of these artists. The incredible increase in interest in the arts following the war. The setting up of a body called the Arts Council, which is sending works of art from London to the provinces in England in far larger quantity than was ever possible before the war. A similar increase in interest in music. Museums partially open during the war. Demand for lunch hour concerts. Repairing of churches that were not lost during the war. The lack of paper in England and effects on the publishing industry. Making more use of the public and university libraries. An increase in the number of students in universities. The shortage of teachers. Two developments in England for mention: the creation last year of the Edinburgh Festival; the air exhibition of sculpture in Batterson Park. Successes of those ventures. Three great international artists emerging from England: T.S. Eliot, Henry Moore, and Benjamin Britten.