Vladimir Putin

Amery, L.S.

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A suggestion or outline of some of the main points raised in connection with the operation of what is known as the Hudson's Bay Route for the accommodation of transportation between the West and the outside world; the economic possibilities of the vast, almost unexplored region which lies around the shores of that great inland sea. Some history of the Hudsons' Bay route. The period of acute commercial rivalry between the Hudsons' Bay Co. and the North West Fur Co. The forced amalgamation of the two great companies. Descriptions of the route from explorers such as Simpson and Franklin. Future possible uses for this route through the back door to North America. Events such as the railways pushing into the West, steamers on the Great Lakes, and eventually the historic C.P.R. line which caused the Hudson's Bay Route as the highway of commerce to be forgotten. The national interest to Canada of the opening up of the Hudson's Bay Route. The travelling of the route by the speaker and Lord Grey in the summer of this year. Drawing our attention to the possibilities of the Hudson's Bay route as a channel of transportation. The main arguments in favour of this route. The lack of difficulty in terms of the actual construction. The great difficulty of finding a harbour. The question of the navigation of the Bay itself. The problem of freezing in the Hudson Strait. Heavy snowstorms of considerable danger to navigation in November. Problems caused by the compass acting in a very erratic manner for two or three hours at a stretch. Four month's effective navigation. How the route could be made a paying one. Shipping grain through this route and the attendant difficulties. Arguments against opening this route, and the speaker's response to them, especially as regards commercial interests. Exploration of this area. The development of the fisheries industry between Hudsons' Bay and the Prairie Provinces. The growing importance of the pulp-wood industry. The question of minerals and what may be unearthed. The discovery of cobalt made in building a colonization railway. The history of the discovery of the greatest nickel mine in the world at Sudbury. The results of geological surveys. The Hudson's Bay region, equivalent to the whole of Scandinavia and Finland, a country capable of considerable development and of sustaining a hardy, energetic and prosperous race of people. Political aspects of Hudson's Bay. The advantage of defence for Canada in this area, and for the Unity of the Empire. Lowering the cost of transportation, and therefore the worry about the tariff. The speaker's great impression of the area.

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