The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.
What Spain looks like today, and what people there are saying. A travelogue. The curtain which has been drawn between Franco Spain and the world since the Civil War which has made Spain a land of mystery. Crossing the border into Spain made difficult by strained relations between France and Spain. Ways in which the border of Spain can be said to be a "closed" border. Conversations on a train. Impressions of Barcelona. The street cars. Comparing Barcelona to Milan. People in Barcelona struggling to carry on an existence in marginal occupations. An ancient, grinding poverty in Spain which is quite different from the new poverty to which millions of people in Central Europe have been reduced suddenly by war damage. The poor in Spain and what their life is like. The police in Barcelona. The newspapers and their contents. Movies playing. The famine of intellectual fare a serious one. The food problem much more immediate and pressing. The Civil Governor and the Military Governor above him; the Lord Mayor below him. The Bureaucracy in Spain. An overall impression of inefficiency. Foreign trade entirely in the hands of the government. An enjoyment of the Spaniards themselves. Some details of conversations. The beggared children. The greatest need of water in Spain. Madrid: a handsome city. Police control, with illustrative examples. The lack of any sign of Germans or German ownership. The leading foreign influence now British. The British Institute. Lack of signs of Civil War damage in Madrid; a general sense of horror at the thought that the Civil War might be renewed. No good words for Franco. The weakening of the Fascist Falange Party since the end of the Civil War. Some movement within the Catholic Action and among a few progressive priests for form a liberal Catholic party on the lines of the French M.R.P. The popular thought that calculations as to how the government could be changed would begin with the British, not with the Spaniards themselves. The role left to the Spanish Army. A left-wing monarchy as the new formula being discussed in Spain; drawn from the examples of the British, Dutch and Scandinavian monarchies working smoothly with Socialist governments. No easy solution to the Spanish problem. The speaker's belief that the prospects for setting up a stable and progressive democratic regime in Spain are far less favorable today then when the Republic was proclaimed in 1931.