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The Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources as the last "great outpost of empire," in the old sense of the word. A discussion of some of the things that are taking place in Canada north of the sixtieth parallel of latitude. Manitoba as a pioneer in northwest development. Manitoba as one of the first provinces to penetrate into the Pre-Cambrian Shield. Some history and background. Canada's new drive towards industrial development and its dependence on how we develop national resources. The duty of government to assist private enterprise in the development of the North. A more active role for government. An acknowledgement that private enterprise has the vital role to play. Details of development. The necessity for a sound framework of policies. Regulating and encouraging investment. Ensuring that the pattern of development is in the best interests of the country as a whole. Oil, gas, and mining development. The human resources of the North. Social problems created as a result of northern development. Education in the North. The development of Eskimo art. The potential for tourism in the North, and some examples of tourism development. A vision of Canada from sea to sea to sea.