EST. 1903 - Presenting global influential leaders from business, labour, education & government through events
Massey, The Honourable Vincent
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The situation in Manchuria one to command the active interest of Canada and why that is so. Being mindful of what events may flow from the destruction of a few metres of railway line four months ago at an unknown place in Manchuria--the Balkans of Asia. The international body whose duty it is to consider such things, the Council of the League of Nations, of which Canada is a participant. Determining whether the terms of the Treaty of Washington of 1922 have been infringed, whether the terms of the Pact of Paris have been violated. Canada's concern due to our trade with the Orient. The only temporary advantage. The area of friction which Manchuria has been. The similar position in Europe near the eastern frontier of Germany where the Polish corridor was made to sever German territory. Directing our attention to the real Manchurian problem which lies behind recent events. Japan's case and arguments. The argument of economic necessity. The argument of "blood and treasure." Legal claims by the Japanese. Japan's 25 years in Manchuria as an engrossing story of business achievement. The dangerous precedent of considering the position of Manchuria and Japan based solely on economic concerns. The element of racial pride. The Chinese case and arguments. The Chinese answer to the legal claims of the Japanese. Right against right. A conflict of different kinds of right conceived by different kinds of mind. Factors overlooked which have their own significance. The policy of the South Manchurian Railway and its unwillingness to employ Chinese except in manual labour. The difficulties of the Manchurian problem, with illustrative examples and detailed discussion. Manchuria at the present. A consideration of three approaches which the League of Nations has in its power to make to an international situation. The League's one serious error in the present crisis of demanding, last October, the withdrawal of Japanese troops by a given date. Ways in which that was a mistake. In Manchuria today a collision between twentieth century international machinery and a nineteenth century point of view. Not losing faith in the League; giving it our utmost intelligent support. Hope that the League's commission will be satisfied with no superficial approach to existing difficulties. The need for both sides to make concessions.