Vladimir Putin

Zwemer, Samuel M.

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Speaking of Egypt and Arabia in their relation to the strength and influence of the British Empire. Personal relationships developed during the speaker's years of missionary service. The difficulty of speaking of these two countries today, still under the mist and shadow of the smoke of battle. A physical description of these two countries, closely linked geographically. The speaker uses a map in his discussion of these two countries. The history of Arabia and Egypt in their relations with the British Empire, particularly over the last 100 years. The political map of Arabia before the war in 1914. The story of Colonel Lawrence. Results of the policy at that time still to be seen. The danger of employing mercenary troops. Political conditions still very much unsettled in this region. The revival of Mohammedanism in East Arabia during the war. British protectorates in Arabia. Egypt, with the first actual political power exercised by Britain after the bombardment of Alexandria and the occupation in 1880. Great Britain making her claim in the Suez Canal long before that. The Suez Canal as the jugular vein of the British Empire, uniting the two extremes of Empire. The Canal as the most strategic place of the whole British Empire. Asking whether the long continued occupation of Egypt has been justified. The speaker's response not as a politician. Consideration of the improvements made by Great Britain in Egypt in terms of economic prosperity and religious liberty. Criticisms in terms of education of the British policy in Egypt. Influences at work to undermine British prestige in this region ever since the occupation. The Pan-Islamic rising planned by the Germans. Evidence of Britain's good intentions towards Egypt to be found in a deliberate, gradual and honest withdrawal from Egyptian affairs (quoted words from an article in the "Nation"). The speaker's belief that this is a moderate expression of the views of outsiders regarding their desire as to Britain's future policy in the Nile valley. The solidarity of Arabia and Egypt in their future interests because they are knit together by a common faith. Centres of religion: Mecca as the heart; Cairo as the brain; Constantinople as the strong arm of Islam. A closer examination of this faith. Understanding the position of the Mohammedan under British control. The future of these two great nationalities in the British Empire, looked at from the standpoint of the outsider.