Shun, The Honourable Dr. Liu Shih
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The thirty-first anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China in two days on October 10. A review of the Revolution. The basis for the inclination of the Chinese toward the democratic way of life. Prospects for China to win her fight for democracy. An examination of the judgment of Dr. Hu Shigh, former Ambassador to Washington, as expressed in a learned lecture delivered at a university in the U.S. on the subject of "Historical Foundations for a Democratic China." Three historical factors to which Dr. Hu Shih attributes the development of Chinese democracy: the abolition by the statesmen of the second century B.C. of the law of primogeniture and their adoption of the system of equal division of the property left by a deceased father to his sons; the adoption of the examination system, traceable to as early a period as the custom of equal division of estates of inheritance; the censorial institution. A long and fruitful background of philosophical ideas. Confucius, Mencius, and other philosopher-teachers who kept on enlarging on the democratic idea of the State and of society. The basis of China's political freedom as laid down by Dr. Sun Yat Sen in his "Three Principles of the People." Setbacks for the Chinese Republic: an historical review. Dr. Sun Yat Sen's programme for the gradual adoption of constitutionalism. The role played by the Japanese in China's political chaos. The dual nature of China's momentous struggle: carrying on the resistance to Japanese aggression while taking important steps toward the creation of constitutional government. The role played by China in the present global war, and the contributions made by her to the common cause of the United Nations. The Chinese people forging ahead and enduring their trials and tribulations with indescribable fortitude and calm. Every prospect for China to win her fight for democracy. Difficulties of winning the war. The suffering endured by China and her people. The speaker's belief that the total effort of all of us in defence of the common cause is increasing with the march of time.