EST. 1903 - Presenting global influential leaders from business, labour, education & government through events
Wrong, Prof. George M.
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The idea, sometimes expressed in Canada, that Great Britain has been standing in the way of the development of equality in respect of Canada. The speaker's belief that there is no truth in that. The value in the Conference in London in that it does reveal a state of mind: a state of union spread all over the British Empire which seems to the speaker to be very promising for the future. Opinions formed by the speaker in respect to nationalism in Canada, presented here and also printed in the July number of the Journal of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Canada's destiny to be on the lines of its past development, with the speaker seeing no prospect of any violent change in those lines of development. The issue of equality. Two kinds of equality that the speaker has in mind: equality of privilege, and equality of responsibility. At the present moment, a lack of equality between Canada and Great Britain. Instances to show that that is so. Recent constitutional controversy over Canada's control of foreign affairs. Understanding the constitution of the British Empire. The lack of single treaty-making power over the Empire. The Government of Great Britain as the one authority in the British Empire for making war and concluding peace. The increasing rapidity of change, with example. Similarly, astounding changes that have taken place in our political development, with example. The authority of the King that has been handed over to the representatives of the people. Some remaining surprising things that the King can do. The power positions of King and Parliament. Political authority that has passed from the sovereign to the masses of the people. The problem with which we are confronted in Canada with regard to who governs. Failed efforts at the organic union of the British Empire. The failure to create a co-operative diplomacy, instanced by the Locarno Treaty. Some conclusions: the next step in development for Canada is to fully complete its national life, leaving Australia and South Africa to take care of themselves. The mischief that nationalism has sometimes caused. Different kinds of nationalism. The fine part that nationalism has played in history, on the whole: a look at Scotland, England, France. The conjecture that if Germany had developed in the course of the centuries a real national sentiment we probably should not have had the crisis of the great war. The lack of a steady growth of a sense of unity among the German peoples. Some statements which the speaker believes to be shocking. A suggestion to change the name from the "Dominion of Canada" to the "Kingdom of Canada." A further suggestion to make the declaration that the parliament of Canada has over Canada and Canadians the same authority that the Parliament of Great Britain has over the people of Great Britain. Canada to take over the power to change her own constitution. Objections and response to those objections. A third suggestion that if Canada becomes a real sovereign power she must herself determine on questions of war and peace. Letting foreign countries know where we stand. Exercising our imaginations to call up what is meant by some of the things the speaker has said: some scenarios. A word or two about equality of responsibility. What Great Britain is doing in the world. Canada, using its power for the benefit not only of herself but of other peoples, with Great Britain as an example of how this may be done.