The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.
Speaking for the ideal of international judicature. "The Supreme Court of the World" no longer simply an ideal or even an idea. The adoption of such a court in principle by many nations of the world, and indeed in detail. The Hague Conference in 1899 and 1907. Hope that by 1915 at the time of the next Conference, the great powers will have started in actual operation the Supreme Court of the World, even if it be at first only for a limited number of nations. The establishing of an International Court of Arbitral Justice as well as the International Prize Court, the latter not to operate until after maritime warfare. Self-redress by nations still to be found but no longer avowed as the best means of settling disputes. Words with regard to war from Governor Simeon E. Baldwin, president of the conference of the American Society for the Judicial Settlement of International Disputes. Words from James Brown Scott, in the introduction to the Proceedings of the 1912 Conference of the American Society for the Judicial Settlement of International Disputes, indicating the principal advantages of a truly permanent court composed of judges. Lord Salisbury, writing to Sir Julian Pauncefote in March, 1896, in connection with the negotiations for a permanent treaty of arbitration between the United States and Great Britain. The Supreme Court of the United States, furnishing the evident analogy and illustration for the proposed court of the states of the world. Words from Attorney-General Wickersham, at the 1912 Conference of the American Society for the Judicial Settlement of International Disputes, furnishing an example of the analogy. An illustration from Canadian history of a judicial settlement of a controversy between two of our provinces which were at the point of war. A summary of the sentiments expressed at the first Washington Conference in 1910 of the American Society for the Judicial Settlement of International Disputes by Theodore Marburg with regard to the fundamental requisites for a permanent successful court. The gradual process of law-making by the courts as described by Professor Eugene Wambaugh of Harvard University Law School, and Mr. Justice Riddell's comments of the statement of Wambaugh. An interesting suggested added by Hon. A.J. Montague of Virginia. The issue of arbitration. An analysis of the organic act of the Hague Conference by Judge Henry Wade Rogers, commenting on the provisions contained in the 35 articles. Asking why this Court has not been set up in the last five years, and the speaker's reply. Governor Simeon E. Baldwin's comments on the first proposition for the establishment of an international court. The question of the actual number of the court preventing its establishment. Judge Henry Wade Rogers on the selection of judges. A plan from M. de Martens. The lack of agreement by the Conference members. Progress that has been made; honourable mention for the efforts of Great Britain and the United States. Reasons to believe that the eight great powers may soon determine to set up the proposed court with perhaps nine judges. Possible limitation of the jurisdiction of the court, as suggested by Governor Simeon E. Baldwin. More words from James Brown Scott. The powers which are most active in setting up the new court honour bound to bring to it cases for decision as quickly as practicable, including some which might have to be taken out of dusty files. Ways in which great judges make great courts, with the example of the Supreme Court of the United States. The opening of the remarkable building called the Palace of Peace at The Hague this fall as the home of such international tribunals of arbitration as may be convened from time to time. Hope that we may live to see the Supreme Court of the World in that building.