EST. 1903 - Presenting global influential leaders from business, labour, education & government through events
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The coming Naval Disarmament Conference. The age-long question of the Freedom of the Seas to be settled between Great Britain and the United States. The origin of the present Naval Conference, and why it has come up at this particular time. Why it was that we just fell short of abolishing war. Exploring the question of Disarmament two years ago at a Commission appointed by the League of Nations. World powers largely based on sea power. The speaker's contention that world dominion, world empire, depends on a union of military and naval powers, with the example of Rome. The principal function of naval power during the past 400 years. Achievements of the British Navy. The real problem for the Conference to find a formula that will work to solve the question of Disarmament. The question of the Freedom of the Seas discussed from the strict legal point of view, to try to show in a few words what has been the real issue between Great Britain and the United States in naval matters for over a century. Fundamental principles of the Freedom of the Seas. Great Britain's feeling that she must command the seas, and why. The fundamental principle of the United States as the doctrine and principle of Neutrality. Two principles in opposition. A few words on the legal situation as it has developed in the last century or two. The rule in International Law that neutral property must not be seized if it is not contraband, or if it is not going to break a blockade. A look through history of many of the great wars over the past two centuries and how they affected the Freedom of the Seas. A review of the rules: the rule of 1756; then "Continuous Voyage;" then "Ultimate Destination;" then Great Britain adopting the principle of "Ultimate Consumption." The situation when the war broke out. The outstanding legal points affecting the question of the Freedom of the Seas. The need, sooner or later, for the United States and Great Britain to settle this fundamental question of the Freedom of the Seas. The difficulty for one nation today to explain itself to its neighbour. Hope that both these nations will realize that disarmament, which depends so much on naval disarmament, is in their power, and that they can confer this indescribable boon upon the world.