The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.
The significance of the photograph of the driving in of the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railroad. Some comments on the history of that photograph and why it has become so significant. Some history of the CPR and its construction. Some of the enormous effects on Canada of the CPR. Many anecodotal incidents related by the speaker. A return to the photograph and why it has become such a symbol in Canada. Differences between Canada and the United States, and how those differences have shaped Canada as a nation. The importance of transportation and communication in Canada. Some remarks about our recent and imminent negotiations with the United States over trade. A warning to Canadians over the negotiations.