Cavan, General, The Earl of
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An address by General, The Earl of Cavan, K.P., G.C.M.G., K.C.B., at a dinner given in his honour.
The commitments that all we members of the British Empire have to fulfil at this minute. A review of some of the moments in Canada's history when she supported the British Empire. What Great Britain has undertaken since the War, and is now carrying out. The size in square miles and in population of the British Empire, and the 250,000 men for protecting it. The commitment, bound by the Versailles Treaty, as the bridge-head achieved on the Rhine at Cologne. Turkey, with Sir Charles Harrington in command of Allied troops of which he has 12,000 roughly. Sir Harrington's duties: ensuring the freedom of the passage through the Dardanelles; doing anything he can to protect Christian people in Turkey, and if possible, to make peace between Turkey and Greece! Complications for Sir Harrington. The situation in Egypt, with the Suez Canal being vital. 17.000 British and Indian troops kept in Egypt. Palestine, for which the British Empire accepted the mandate by the treaty of Versailles. What the treaty means in terms of protecting Palestine. The situation in Palestine; conflicts between the Jews and the Arabs. 7,000 British and Indian troops here. Mesopotamia where the British Empire is in the process of reducing its troops. The danger spot at Basra at the north of the Persian Gulf. A word about India, which is in the process of learning to govern itself. The Western world. Two things which stick right out in the Washington Conference: honesty of purpose, and determination to achieve. A picture of that Conference room and what was said there. Agreements between Great Britain, the United States and Japan with regard to the limitation of armaments. The question of France and Italy. Difficulties connected with China in terms of extra territoriality. Fortifications in the Pacific. A practically unanimous agreement not to fortify any island at all in the Pacific for ten years. A few more difficult questions left: land armaments, laws of war, gas, aeronautics, bombing of undefended towns, etc., not to be left to nine nations of the earth to attempt a solution to these problems. Hope for another conference representing all the fighting nations of the earth.