Howe, Rt. Hon. C.D.
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A joint meeting of The Empire Club of Canada and The Canadian Club of Toronto.
The purpose of preparedness for Canada and for other countries of the free world not war, but an effort to prevent all-out war. How war may be avoided. Sharing the view of General Marshall, expressed before a Committee of the United States Senate. Looking at the preparedness effort as a positive measure to preserve our way of life and to protect our standard of living. The many-sided effort in Canada; a complex undertaking requiring a careful use of resources. A concern to enlarge our capacity to produce, as well as maintain our immediate output so that Canada will be in a position to make a maximum contribution if and when the need arises. Economic preparedness involving much more than defence production. Details of activities to meet the need of preparedness: weapons procurement; defence contracts for aircraft; ship-building projects; production of radar equipment, etc. Canada as the source of many of the strategic basic materials upon which is dependent defence production in the United States, the United Kingdom and other allied countries. A high priority in planning of the expansion of these sources of basic materials. Expansion and research programmes. Stock-piling and advance production of defence supplies. Giving the green light to the steel expansion programme. The development of the St. Lawrence Seaway. Problems of relative priority. Pushing along on as broad a front as possible; doing so as a member of the team of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Profiting from the experience of pooling resources with the U.S. in the last war. Growing co-operation within NATO. Impact of this expansion programme of preparedness on the Canadian economy and the Canadian standard of living. Legislation now before the House of Commons for a Department of Defence Production. Defence effort expenditures. The question of price controls. The importance of having a sense of purpose and keeping the desired end clearly in view. The over-riding aim of national policy today to strengthen the defenses of Canada and its allies to the point where aggression will be deterred and, if it is attempted, cannot succeed.