Vladimir Putin

Hammarskjold, Dag

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A joint meeting of The Empire Club of Canada with The United Nations Association of Canada (Toronto Branch). Hearing from Canada the voice of reason and enlightenment, rejecting the extremes of partisanship, seeking patiently the common ground for men of good will, yet always standing firm upon the basic principles and purposes of the United Nations. Canada's rich traditions from many peoples, harmoniously blended, and its key position between two great nations in the Western world. Canada as a nation with a rich future. All these elements truly reflected in Canada's constructive role in world affairs. The history and traditions of Canada and how they have prepared the country to play an important part in the development of the United Nations. Where the United Nations stands in 1954. The part that it is playing, and the part that it might be reasonably expected to play, in the struggle for peace in circumstances that seem so different from those which attended its birth in 1945. The Charter and institutions of the United Nations; a consideration of whether they really fit any more with the realities of today. The United Nations as a symbol of frustrated hopes? Questions being asked. The war-time concert of five Great Powers upon which the peace-keeping functions of the Charter were intended to rest breaking down in the earliest days of the United Nations' existence. An understatement to say that the prospects of healing this breach have not improved with the passing years. The United Nations unable to be regarded as an agency for the enforcement of peace, but having a significant role in the maintenance of peace. The central principle of the United Nations. Limited police powers. The disharmony found at the United Nations a reflection of the actual state of affairs in the world. Disharmony the very reason why a centre for harmonizing is necessary. The role of the United Nations. The influence of the United Nations upon the Member Governments being exerted steadily and constantly on the side of peace, justice and progress in their efforts to reach solutions of the problems that confront them. Such influence exerted in many ways and through different instruments. Three illustrative examples. The price of peace since 1945. The price in terms of the demands upon our capacity for patience and for steadiness of purpose; the process of learning to live together without war; managing it or facing disaster. The creation and existence of the United Nations evidence of mankind's capacity to respond to the challenge of interdependence with which the evolution of human society has now brought us face-to-face as never before. Learning the lessons of history. Turning into an asset those very differences which at present divide the world and represent a threat to peace. The United Nations based on this insight.