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The development during the past two centuries in Great Britain. On considering the system of government which we have today, remembering that the idealists of the 18th Century were aiming at exclusion from Parliament of those invested with executive power. The aim of the English statesmen of the 18th Century to separate the legislative and executive branches. Effects on the Constitution of the United States. Government by party as the system in Canada as well as in Great Britain, sometimes treated as a somewhat discredited system of government. Utilizing the party system as best we can, making it as efficient as possible and introducing into the government of the country the highest and truest standards. Words from Mr. Sidney Low on this subject. The division into parties or groups almost inevitable under a government carried on by Parliament. Certain evils which are inseparably associated with representative institutions. The Cabinet as the essential feature of party government. A discussion of the Cabinet system. The trend of the last 60-70 years and more especially, perhaps, of the last 30-40 years, to shift power from Parliament to the Cabinet. The power of the Crown. The Irish Home Rule Bill introduced by Mr. Gladstone as an illustration of who has Administrative power. The inner Cabinet or conclave which exercises so important an influence in Great Britain. The situation in Canada. A full development of the party caucus in Canada. The issue of secret debates in caucus rather than open debate in Parliament. The lack of influence in determining the course which the House of Commons shall eventually take with regard to a measure by debate in Parliament. Views of the late Mr. Jamieson of Winnipeg and of Colonel Tucker, lately member for the City and County of St. John on this matter. The increasing complexity and magnitude of public affairs. Words from a letter written to Mr. Low by the late Lord Salisbury some ten years ago. The power of the Prime Minister to ask the Governor-General for a dissolution of Parliament if there should be any further difficult about a particular measure then under consideration. The greater power of a Government over its followers in Canada than in Great Britain, and two reasons for it. The increasing power of the Cabinet. The very great responsibility cast upon the Press. The responsibility and duty of every citizen of sharing the public life of this country in whatever manner he may find his activities most useful as part of the very nature of our institutions.