Vladimir Putin

Pullen, Captain T.C.

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The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.

A review of the controversial passage of the S.S. Manhattan. An attempt to put the "significance of last year's Arctic Tanker Test into focus." A brief review of the search for, and achievement of, a voyage through the Northwest Passage by several people and ships. The two basic routes of the Northwest Passage. The object of the Humble Oil's test: to determine the feasibility of year-round operations by giant ships through the Northwest Passage bearing Alaskan crude to the U.S. east coast. Canada's participation with the ice breaker "John A. Macdonald." A description of the voyage: successes, findings, problems, misinformation. The controversial issues of pollution, and sovereignty, and a discussion of each. Advantages to Canada of this and further tests. The importance to Canadian Arctic resource development.