Clark, Sir William
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Greetings from The Royal Empire Society in London. Some words about London House. Reminiscences about the speaker's six years in Canada. The immense prestige with which Canada has emerged from the war, won by her achievements alike on the field of battle, in the council chambers of the Allies, and in her great industrial effort. Britain, still looking a little worse for wear after six years when her complex industrial complex was mobilized wholly for the needs of the Forces and for defence. Urgent national needs which still have to come before recovery. The assumption of immense responsibilities for promoting every aspect of progress in the Colonial Empire, and for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the war-stricken countries. Austerity still very much the keynote in Britain. The spirit of the people of Britain. Britain, embarked upon a high endeavour to establish for her people on an assured footing the two great social and economic freedoms: freedom from the fear of want and freedom from the fear of enforced idleness. Such aims not peculiar to Britain. The pioneering work of the Liberal Cabinet of 1906, which initiated old age pensions and insurance against unemployment and then added to it Mr. Lloyd George's great scheme for insurance against invalidity and for the provision of health services. The extension of this work and this grand scheme. Britain embarking on a social adventure revolutionary in its social and psychological consequences, with illustration. Details of insurance scheme and national health services. Costs and sources of funding. Employment and the economic outlook. Unemployment Insurance. The modern theory that full employment can be secured and maintained if a nation makes up its mind to ensure an adequate outlay at all times. The responsibility of the state to plan long term programmes of capital expenditure and direct or encourage similar programmes on the part of private enterprise. One of the most striking contrasts between pre-war and post-war Britain the shortage of manpower, and what this means to the nation. Demand for production and consumption. Successful demobilization, with figures. Imports and exports. A summing up. The barometer for trade and industry and employment in the United Kingdom set at fair. One or two troublesome questions. The problem of coal, and the rising level of costs of production caused largely by increases in wage-scales of practically all classes of labour in mining, in industry and in transport. Feeling satisfied with the progress which has been made, especially when considering the enormous complications involved in the changeover from industries organized wholly for war to the more diversified needs of peace.