Carter, Frederick G.
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The speaker addresses the audience as a representative of the American Hospital Association. A discussion of current hospital problems. The meaning of the term "hospital" now as opposed to 50 years ago. The term "specializing" or "specialization" and what that term means. Coming to recognize more specialized institutions as hospitals. The transition from the hospital of the broad coverage of the field of charity to the more restricted institution providing a method of caring for the sick. Complications that have come with improvements. Rising costs. Dwindling philanthropy, decreased income from endowments, and increasing unemployment resulting in decreased ability to pay. Filling the breach with government subsidies and community fund support. The role of hospital insurance. Values inherent in hospital service in time of illness. The increase in the utilization of hospital facilities. Facing the problem of extending the scope of efforts through new construction and modernization of old construction. Changing medical practice. The function of a hospital to serve the medical profession. Effects of modern transportation on the size of hospitals. Facilities for the education of medical professionals. The enlightenment of the public as to health matters. The allocation of expenditures. Problems arising out of relationships with the various units of government. The activities of various hospital associations. The effect of the war upon member hospitals of Associations. Difficulties in America remaining neutral. Peace time practices changed by the constant threat of war and the possibility of becoming a belligerent nation. The need for hospitals to accelerate their educational and training programmes in time of war. Adapting training to military needs. The need for the continuation of research. Post-war adjustment. The preparedness of civilian hospitals for war. Hospitals as demonstrators of a way of life and a philosophy of human relationships that are worthy of emulation. The cosmopolitan nature of hospitals and hospital activities.