Vladimir Putin

Irvine, Sir James

View Photos
Listen to Podcast
Watch Live Webcast

The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.

The warning to be heeded in the words "Lest we forget." The speaker's belief that through the whole story of civilization, chemistry runs like a scarlet thread throughout the entire fabric. What the chemist provides during war time. Another form of chemical research which proved of vital importance to our army during the war: finding an artificial method of making dulcitol, used to protect the troops from typhoid fever. The story of using dahlias to produce the same compound. The demand for novocaine, a local anaesthetic, and the story of its production. The golfing girls who worked so diligently during the war years in the chemical labs. A lesson for Canada from the speaker: "No nation can ever allow itself to become dependent scientifically on other nations." Some words on the progress of Canadian science. Suffering by Canadian soldiers during gas attacks in the Great War. Powers committed to chemists during the war. A review of poisonous gases used during the war. The issue of reprisals. The use of mustard gas by both sides. The question of disarmament. Is it to be war or peace? The ability of a country to wage war based on chemical warfare, no matter what disarmament takes place. A warning from the speaker that what is needed is a change of heart. The inability to bring about universal peace by regulations. The hope that the civil population will be trained in anti-gas measures. Taking precaution against what may happen in the future. Ending on a note of confidence in humankind.