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The essential feature of the new Autonomy Bill. The North-Western Territories, known as Rupert's Land prior to 1870. The comparatively small section of this area with which the present Autonomy Bill deals. Some historical background of the area. The acquisition of the West by the Dominion, and reasons for it. The declaration in 1867 from an Address to the Queen from the Senate and the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada with regard to the transfer of this area. The sum given to quiet the claims of the Hudsons' Bay Company. Making it clear that this so called "purchase" included more than the lands at present contained within the North-West Territories, and vastly more than the area to be set apart as two new Provinces. What it did include. The facts of payment. The stages by which we gradually arrived at the point where Autonomy became a necessity: some political history. Payment by the Federal Government of subsidies to the Provincial Assemblies and how they arose. A list of the annual subsidies to be allowed each new Province. An examination of these items in detail, in order to understand how each has been determined. Preference by the new Provinces for control of their own lands. The policy set forth by Lord Durham and Lord Grey, and acted upon in Downing Street; practical difficulties that proved insurmountable. The Union Act of 1840 wherein Great Britain surrendered her beneficiary interest in the revenues arising from the public lands for the benefit of the people residing in her Colonies. Mr. Haultain's argument that Canada should treat her provinces as Great Britain did her colonies in the matter of the public domain within the areas included in the new Provinces. Reasons put forward for the control of these public lands by the Federal Government. The Clause respecting education. The lack of input solicited from the people of the Territories in the preparation of the education section of the Autonomy Bill. The difficult position in which the Prime Minister of Canada finds himself in today. "Canadianizing" the various peoples of the new West.