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An increase in Canadian interest in Chinese affairs since May, 1925. Factors that have caused this change. Trade figures with China. The Pacific becoming the centre of human thought and actin and intercourse. Our trade with China not the type we need to fear or beware of, with examples. The immense Chinese market now opening. Three main causes of this opening, with some discussion of each: the revolution of 1911; the retrocession of the Boxer indemnity on the part of the American Government and their insistence that the money be used to send Chinese students to the United States (called the intellectual renaissance of China by the speaker); the Great War of 1914 to 1918 which brought about the industrial revolution in China. The need to change the previous conditions under which we as foreigners lived in China appears to be almost too late now, and how that is so. The danger inherent in not realizing the results of procrastination. The speaker's consultation with several Chinese as to the justice of treaty privileges in the first stage of western intercourse with the Far East. Steps that should have been taken, the steps that must ultimately be taken, with discussion: handing back to the Chinese the right to control collection of their customs duties, and to set the tariff level; relinquishing a hold over extra-territoriality, gradually; granting to the Chinese joint administration of the concessions; granting them full police authority in those concessions when they had proved their power to undertake it; a moratorium. More recent events. The peace treaty, which gave China a new sense of equality and national sovereignty. The British position. How the United States and other countries benefited from the British privileges. The present situation not hopeless. The crumbling of the northern military alliance under the pressure of the Nationalist armies as an important matter in the present situation. The speaker discusses the present situation with the aid of a map. Confidence that within six months the Chinese Nationalist party will probably control the whole of China and that power will give them greater conservatism and greater reasonableness. Remembering the warning words of Sir John Jordan, uttered in England two years ago with regard to the new China being not only Britain's opportunity but Britain's responsibility as one who holds within her hand the fateful gift of peace or war in Asia.