Kelly, The Honourable John Hall
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The gradual driving back of the salmon with the advent of white settlers, the growth of towns and villages, and the pollution of rivers and streams. Now generally admitted that salmon, as a rule, do not wander very far away from the mouth of the stream up which they return to spawn. The movement of the salmon. Regulations regarding the salmon. Trapping the salmon. Habits of the salmon and how they change as they move from salt water to fresh. The issue of leased rivers in the Province of Quebec. The time required to make a good salmon stream. The speaker's belief that private enterprise is more effective than government in protecting a salmon river. A description and discussion of two salmon rivers in the Province of Quebec, the Grand Cascapedia and the Ristigouche, along with statistics regarding the salmon. Effects of net fishing. The first law relating to the close season for fish, enacted in 1005 by Malcolm the Second of Scotland. Many other laws and regulations adopted since then. Some of the more common offenses. Protecting our salmon rivers against the dangers of poaching. Improving the rivers by adopting rules and regulations limiting the number of fish that may be killed. The reproductive habits of the salmon. Recent research. Evidence of the existence of salmon back to the 1800s. Pausing to ask ourselves if the same conditions that did away with the salmon in Lake Ontario and adjacent streams exist today in connection with our other inland fisheries. The greatest danger with which we are obliged to contend at the present time as regards our fisheries: pollution. Dealing with this pollution. Experiments that have been carried out. The time now when the law should be amended so as to permit industry to make use of a stream up to the point where it will not endanger fish life, but that no further use should be made of the stream unless we are prepared to sacrifice one of our greatest national assets, our fisheries.