Vladimir Putin

Salmon, Dr. E.T.

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The difference in atmosphere that exists between the year 1947 and the year 1920. The lack of an optimistic attitude two years after the Second World War. The large number of international conferences since the Second World War ended, marked by a good deal of acrimony, name-calling, vilification, and even downright abuse. The nature of a Peace Conference. The idea of "open covenants," originating after the First World War. The speaker's belief in open covenants, but that the old system whereby they were arrived at through confidential processes would be very much better. The tendency lately for that procedure to be restored. The reason the atmosphere is so tense today: Russia's attendance at the Peace Conference. Russia's evident determination to be disagreeable, secretive, abusive, and obstructionist, with examples. Evidence of Russia's expansive nature. The world divided. The accusation of the formation of a Western Bloc by the Slavic nations of Eastern Europe and Russia. The actuality of a Slavic Bloc. An examination of the situation, particularly with Russia, in the past. The need to make a deal with Russia; two ways to do so. An exploration of what way might work. The moral and argument that firmness is required. Who is to work out this policy of firmness. Indications of increasing firmness on the part of the United States. The "Truman Doctrine" and what it signifies. The agreements of Teheran and Yalta. The dangers of a negative peace. Looking for an enduring peace.