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Dr. Solandt's recent return from a brief trip to India and Pakistan, and his attendance at a meeting of the Commonwealth Advisory Committee on Defence Science. This visit and an earlier one to Australia turning his thoughts towards the research and especially defence research that is going on throughout the Commonwealth. A brief report on what he saw in India and of the impressions gained concerning research activities in other parts of the Commonwealth. Ordinary scientific and industrial research in India the responsibility of the Department of Scientific Research in the central government. The importance attached to scientific research and how that is shown. A description of their laboratories. The Atomic Energy Commission and the Indian scientific liaison office in the United Kingdom also under the Department of Scientific Research. Concerns of the Atomic Energy Commission. Substantial resources for civilian research. The new and modest defence research organization and of what it consists. Impressions of the level of research. The ability to attract more and better people into science because of the existence of their fine laboratories. The infectious enthusiasm with which the government officials were tackling the difficult problems that beset them. Details of some specific projects. Pakistan: a much less ambitious start on scientific research. The formation of a Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and a small laboratory doing important industrial research in Karachi. A description of the speaker's trip to Australia. Their guided missile range. Other efforts in defence science in Australia. Research being carried out in New Zealand and South Africa. The vast scope of research and development for the armed services in the United Kingdom. Outstanding achievements of the British research and development organization since the war: the development of an atomic bomb and the maintenance of their lead in jet engines. Support from Canadian research at Chalk River. A critical look at our achievements in Canada. A splendid foundation for the whole scientific community in Canadian universities. Government research in Canada. The National Research Council. The Experimental Farms and Science Service divisions of the Department of Agriculture. Many branches of the Departments of Mines and Technical Surveys and Resources and Development, including such important laboratories as the Mines Branch, the Forest Products laboratory, and many others. The Fisheries Research Board and several laboratories of the Department of National Health and Welfare, all of which play a dominant part in the affairs of the departments that they serve. Provincial research organizations. A spectacular increase in the scope of industrial research. A greatly needed increase in the basic support for research in the universities. Organized research for defence. The Defence Research Board. Each nation of the Commonwealth speaking as an independent and sovereign state; no organization of defence science within the Commonwealth. The impression of Canada's position in the world today, which the speaker gained as a result of his trips to Australia and India. Canada's responsibilities thrust upon us by the inheritance of great national wealth, good neighbours and a favoured position in the Commonwealth.