Jebb, Sir Gladwyn
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A joint meeting of The Empire Club of Canada and The Canadian Club of Toronto.
What the United Nations really is. Two extreme personifications of the United Nations; neither of them the true one. The practicable basis of the present United Nations: essentially, that no Member can in the last resort be compelled to do anything against its will except by a vote of the Security Council which is concurred in by the Five Permanent Members. An arbitrary solution perhaps, but one that represents a certain reality. How this arrangement was arrived at. Some failures; some successes of the United Nations. A discussion of the situation in Korea; credit to the United States. Organisations other than the United Nations for dealing with overt and flagrant aggression should it suddenly occur. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; the Treaty of Rio. The likelihood that we will be increasingly faced with the problem of "indirect aggression." How the United Nations could help. The issue of assistance to the underdeveloped countries and their reluctance to take it. Expenditure on armaments. The United Nations as a possible forum where the burning questions of our time can at least be aired and debated. A discussion of the debate surrounding the fact that the Communist bloc, countenancing both direct and indirect aggression, is obviously not prepared genuinely to subscribe to the principles and purposes of the Charter of the UN. The legal argument. Consequences if the Communists were excluded from the UN, or left of their own accord. Reluctance by some countries to "take sides." Some suggestions to develop the United Nations. Recalling the intentions of the United Nations. The United Nations serving as a facilitator for successful conclusions to political settlements or arrangements, especially when the balance of armaments tends to level out. The importance of the new nations of Asia using the United Nations to the full, both on the political and economic side, in order to emerge from the revolutionary situation which at present confronts all or most of them, by achieving that general synthesis between Western technique and Eastern civilisation which would seem to be essential if society is not going positively to disintegrate in large sections of the world.