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The Congo as one of the main problems of international affairs; one of the most dangerous spots of the Cold War. Belgium's position as the country to blame and at the United Nations, used by some governments "as a scapegoat to cover up their own manoeuvres to extend their influence over this large area of Central Africa." The purpose of the speaker to "denounce the errors and the lies and to dispel the legends by recalling the facts." A historical and political review of the situation in the Congo, and Belgium's reluctant participation in it. The proclamation of independence by the Congo on June 30, 1960. Consequences of this sudden decision. The dilemma faced by the Belgian government. The financial situation in the Congo, and the deterioration since the political tension in the Congo in 1959 and 1960. Accusations against Belgium, and the speaker's response to them. Belgium's stand today, and further accusations. A review of the current situation and what it means to the people of Belgium. Confidence in the verdict of history for Belgium, when emotions have calmed down and there is a change to consider objectively Belgium's record in the Congo.