Garnett, Dr. James Maxwell
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What Locarno has meant to those in England. The view that war between civilized states can be finally got rid of in our lifetime. The world now six times smaller, for practical purposes, than it was one hundred years ago. The result of that shrinkage in a crowded continent like Europe: a steady increase in the volume of human affairs that can no longer be handled by governments of independent sovereign states individually. Instances throughout history where this has happened. The world war as a piece of unifying machinery. The illegality of settling disputes by fighting over them. The League of Nations, established to co-ordinate those pieces of international machinery to do for the world many of those things that could not be accomplished by independent sovereign governments independently; to promote international co-operation amongst those organizations. The League also formed for the purpose of preventing war, to achieve international peace and security. The progress that has been achieved, with one or two examples in the field of promoting international co-operation. Progress in terms of preventing war much less. How Locarno extended the spirit of co-operation and mutual help from other nations to Germany. The next result to bring Germany into the League; expectations as to when that may happen. The next steps to carry forward the process of disarmament, security and arbitration. The whole of the Locarno agreements directed to the reduction and limitation of armaments. The bi-lateral nature of the Locarno agreements. How the Locarno agreements have increased security along the frontier, but also added considerably to general security among the nations. Reflecting on what that means. How Locarno and Geneva made it abundantly plain that the lively support of public opinion was necessary for the completion even of the treaty-making process, essential for the implementing or enforcement of the Treaties when made. Locarno only the beginning. The need also to produce internal changes in the hearts and minds of the people. The need to develop a sense of world-citizenship, a sense of the solidarity of the international community. The widening of patriotism.