Heeney, Arnold D.P.
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A joint meeting of The Empire Club of Canada and The United nations Association in Canada (Toronto Branch)
United Nations Day yesterday--the sixth anniversary of the coming into force of that great agreement between nations--The United Nations Charter. The conjunction of Empire Club and United Nations Association. The future of international organization and on what it may depend. People looking to the United Nations to be saved, to be saved from the paralyzing threat, from the dreadful fact of war. By what the United Nations will be judged. The first purpose and principle of the Charter. Debates that will undoubtedly arise in the sixth session of the General Assembly, scheduled to open in Paris 12 days from this address, relating to Asian questions, particularly from events in Korea. The performance by the United Nations in its primary role in the maintenance of peace becoming infinitely complicated and difficult. The sad spectacle of the Security Council's indecision over the Iranian issue a week ago today. Canada, with certain other nations of the Free World pressing on toward the objective of genuine collective security in two ways: by creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and by action within the United Nations itself to increase the UN capacity to deal effectively with the acts of aggression. The "Uniting for Peace" resolution passed by the General Assembly, as a direct result of the Korean crisis, designed to meet the conditions of just such a crisis in which the Security Council might fail to discharge its responsibilities because of lack of unanimity among its permanent members. The core of this resolution. Two new developments. Canadians supporting and believing in the principle of collective security. Accepting important practical limitations upon the universal application of the principle. Facing the fact that the one world we all hoped for at the end of the Second World War is unattainable. No real prospects for establishing friendly or even normal relationships with the Soviet world in the foreseeable future. A second limitation imposed by strategic considerations and the presently available military and economic resources of the free countries. The need for the United Nations to avoid a fatal dispersal of strength and at the same time maintain support for the essential security obligations of the charter; exercising the most careful judgment on each occasion. A suggestion by the Secretary of State for External Affairs that such decisions--how to give effect on any given occasion to the security obligations of the Charter--might be made easier by the acceptance of certain principles. A statement of those principles. Little doubt that the United Nations' intervention in Korea has given new validity to the principle of collective security and added new strength to the United Nations itself. The United Nations as an established forum where the Soviet and free worlds meet; and an institution committed to the maintenance of international peace and security by collective means. Remembering that no human institution, however perfect, can work if there is no desire to make it work.