King-Hall, Commander Stephen (Retired)
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The idea of a United Europe as old as Europe itself. Some of the ideas that have been put out in the past. Some words from William Penn, writing in 1693. The terrible physical consequences of war that we now face. What, outside of politics can be designed or brought about which is at least as grandiose, as tremendous and as striking on the political side as the atom bomb is on the physical side. The theoretical answer is World Government. The hope that World Government might be able to control atomic energy and turn it to the world's peacetime uses. The speaker's own view that we are not ready for World Government yet; but a first step might be a United Europe. A look at some of the ideas for a United Europe from the past. The "Grand Design of Henry IV of France" by Duke de Scully, who published three volumes in 1638 and 1662. William Penn's plan. Penn and his friend, John Bellers critical of plans to exclude Russia and Turkey. Rousseau (1712-1778) who argued that the lasting peace of Europe could only be secured by "such forms of federal govenrment as shall unite nations by bonds similar to those which unite individuals and place the one no less than the other under the authority of the law." Bentham's plan of 1786, attaching importance to a clause guaranteeing the liberty of the Press in each state. Kant's (1795) "Perpetual Peace" which preceded Mr. Wilkie's idea of "One World" 140-150 years later. Other famous names, concluding with Winston Churchill and "the Churchill initiative." Details of "the Churchill initiative." The official position of the British Government, backing the idea of some form of unity in Western Europe. The vagueness of Mr. Bevin's plan. The Foreign Office beginning to work out a plan, with the first idea for a series of Dunkirk Treaties, tieing up the Western states. The speaker's views on the Dunkirk Treaties. Clarifying some reported remarks by the speaker about German aggression. The speaker's ideas about dealing with the German problem: to give the Germans hope of recovery inside a framework of some kind of United Europe. A consideration of the Marshall Plan. Some words of criticism. The need to put some pressure behind the European countries, and reasons for that. The speaker's observations of the people of Europe in his travels about the Continent in a caravan; his belief that Europeans would not be adverse if the politicians moved toward a United Europe (except the Communists). A response to those who fear what they refer to as "American Imperialism." An acknowledgement and appreciation of Canada's role in the World War. Aid to Britain now by supporting the cause of a United Europe. Why the speaker is in Canada: to assist in setting up a Parliamentary Society; to raise a reasonable sum of money from Canadians for doing so.