Whitton, Mayor Charlotte
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The fundamental liberties: freedom of conscience, of worship, of speech, of assembly, of free government by people freely chosen by free electors and how we tend to think of them as deep, abiding, self-sustaining within themselves. The fact that they are not, and can not even be safely regarded as absolute rights, "if human life itself and these very liberties are to endure." How these freedoms can and do become vicious and destructive if enjoyed and exercised "on their own" and without the controls within which they can be safe--the desire and the ability of each individual to discipline and govern, to control himself or herself within the divine dictates upon which our whole growth of western democracy is grounded. A look at democracy and a brief historical review of how these freedoms came to be enjoyed. How "government moves in, not as originally and fundamentally, to protect men … but as a sort of all-purpose, around-the-clock device to make men … happy from the cradle to the grave." The danger that government will not remain a power and instrument, contained and retained within statute and administration. The situation in Canada at all levels of government where, to large measure, the determining of policy are vested in the non-elective sector of the appointed official and the necessary hordes of subordinate staff. Why this is so. A detailed discussion follows. The history of the rise and fall of free peoples, moving in a relentlessly identical pattern. A description of that pattern. The need for a new recognition of the fundamentally moral and spiritual basis of all liberty and perhaps the greatest of all the so-called freedoms: the liberty of honesty and courage in its pursuit and defence. Canada's place in the world today, on the ledge between two of the greatest concentrations of power that human history has ever recorded: the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. Working for a balance of power in the world as Britain exercised to assure peace. The great continent of Asia perhaps easily serving to provoke conflict rather than to preserve peace. The United Nations and NATO and their effectiveness. How to assure a federation of proven and common attitudes of strength of mind and purpose. The Commonwealth.