Cahan, Chas. H.
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The request by Sir Robert Borden that the speaker examine propaganda carried on through Canada by certain foreign elements for the suspected purpose of weakening the efforts of the Canadian people in carrying on the war. Some background history to this propaganda. The belief, as stated by a German official to the speaker, that if England ever became involved in a European war, Canada and the other Dominions would undoubtedly remain quiescent. German propaganda which began to spread from the United States into Canada by the beginning of 1915. The nature of that propaganda. Printing establishments and book stores set up in Canada to assist in this propaganda; for publishing and distributing pacifist, socialistic and revolutionary literature in Russian, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Finnish and other foreign languages. Reasons for this propaganda. The seeds of industrial unrest sown in Canada many years prior to the war, which the speaker believes were, directory or indirectly, of German origin. The Socialism of Germany and its origins. German propaganda carried on for the past 20 years in the United States and how it is organized. Beliefs of the advocates of International Socialism. Purpose and proposals of these advocates to remedy existing social evils and the conflicts between the workers and the capitalists. The nature of the Socialist. The structure of a Socialist society. The purpose of Socialist propaganda during the war. The organization of Socialists in Canada. The relationship, or lack thereof, between the Socialists and the Trade Unions. Recently formed, so-called Political Defense Leagues in Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, and elsewhere which are avowedly radical and revolutionary. A review of some of the information obtained through the speaker's investigations into the extent of Socialism and Socialist propaganda in Canada. Who is effected by this propaganda in Canada. Membership, characteristics, purpose, and propaganda of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.). Labour action advocated by the I.W.W. Several quotations from the publications of the I.W.W. Details of activities of the I.W.W. in Canada. Indictments against Members of the I.W.W. in the United States under the Espionage Act. Recent laws in the U.S. and Canada which provide for the expelling of Socialistic agitators. Recruitment from the I.W.W. to the Bolshevik movement in Russia and Finland. Financial support from Russia and Finland for carrying on this propaganda in the U.S. and Canada. Remedies suggested by the speaker for existing conditions; a response to the arguments of the Socialists. Concluding remarks include a statement that it is "your duty and mine to study the existing conditions, to ascertain the facts, to make known the elements of economic laws, to assist in remedying all reasonable grievances, to ensure as far as we may that the social and industrial progress of Canada shall be based on the due recognition of the rights of all its citizens."