Vladimir Putin

Singh, Anup

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Two things about world events of the past few years that stand out in the speaker's mind: the fact that the ordinary processes of government the world had evolved and was getting accustomed to are being discarded; the fact that we seem to be caught absolutely unaware in the rapidly shifting scenes coming one after another and we don't seem to realize what has brought them about. A look at the situation in Manchuria, when that formed the headlines. The scene shift to Ethiopia, then Spain, now a shift in our attention to Austria and Central Europe, and to what is happening there. Brute force once more coming to the surface. The position of India. India's status in the British Empire. The challenge to the people of India and to the people of Great Britain to deal with the fact that India is not a democracy. Some notions about India which make it impossible for the average person outside of India to be whole-heartedly enthusiastic about India's claim for self-government, and the speaker's response to them. These notions are: that the people of the Orient have always known the despotic form of government and it would therefore be a very long period before they could acquire any sense of the knowledge of the mechanism of self-government; that the people of India are heterogeneous and that therefore, any unity on either political or social grounds would be made utterly impossible; the British claim that the withdrawal of British rule from India will culminate in mutual annihilation of two groups who were always fighting before the British came and who continue fighting; the Hindu-Moslem conflict; the perennial problem of the India caste system; the problem of Nationalism. More recent and present times in India. The dominant note in the Indian public life today as politics. Factors or forces which have brought about the change in the Indian outlook: the introduction of modern education; the role of the missionaries in creating the present political consciousness; the introduction of modern machinery; events following the first World War. England's pledge that after the termination of her war, India would be given a measure of self-government. The infamous massacre caused by General Dwyer. Gandhi's declaration as a rebel against the British rule in India; the beginning of the Nationalist movement on a large scale. A review of events since that time. Problems with the Constitution, which Churchill calls "a monument of shame." Mr. Nehru's reference to it as a "charter of slavery." Specific grievances against the new Constitution. India's need for Britain's protection. The advantage to Great Britain of negotiating with Gandhi rather than wait until they have to deal with a man more belligerent, more uncompromising, more violent. The British politicians' claim that they have given to India law and order. Gandhi's response. Argument advanced to justify the rule in India the same arguments used as the first claim upon self-government. The need to clarify the vicious political atmosphere that prevails in India today to create an atmosphere for the social and economic rehabilitation of India which calls for very rapid and drastic measures.