Pickersgill, The Honourable John Whitney
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Mr. Mackenzie King's attitude to the Empire and his influence on the evolution of the Commonwealth. The speaker's close and continuing association with Mr. Mackenzie King for the last twelve years of his life. A detailed discussion of Mr. King's influence from 1922 on. Some fundamental differences between Sir Robert Borden and Mackenzie King. Mr. King's principle that each of the nations of the Commonwealth must have its own external policy and that this was a logical extension of responsible government, and that no other system would work. His assertion, at the same time, that he wished to strengthen and not to weaken the Imperial connection. How Mr. King saw that this was possible. The Imperial Conference of 1923. Mr. King in the forefront of the group which resisted the idea of a common foreign policy. Setting the lines of the future development of the Commonwealth in the Imperial Conference of 1923, though the 1926 Conference was more dramatic, and why. Controversy over the issue of what the Conference of 1926 accomplished. The boldness of Mr. King's action in appointing Mr. Vincent Massey Canadian Minister to the United States. More differences between the attitudes of Sir Robert Borden and Mr. Mackenzie King: how to define the Commonwealth relationship. The decision of peace or war made by Canada, and what that meant then and afterwards. Mr. King's conception of the Commonwealth relationship springing from his experience of relationships within Canada itself. Mr. King's belief that the unity of Canada could be maintained only if all Canadians accepted one another as equals and if the historic partnership between the two great races was a genuine partnership between equals. Events and consequences during and after the Second World War with regard to this issue. Mr. King's influence in working out the understanding which would enable the Indian Government to satisfy the aspiration for a republican form of government without withdrawing from the Commonwealth association. Mr. King's influence, invariably and effectively on the side of preserving and strengthening the great association of free nations we call the Commonwealth.