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A review of the debate between Mr. Foss and Dr. Montague, and other speeches delivered at the Empire Club. Canada in the Twentieth Century. Comparisons with the United States in the Nineteenth. Canada's finances, population, railways, canals, size, natural resources, costs of defence. Considering the attitude of the United States towards Canada, in the past not wise. Canadian sentiment towards the United States. The subject of Niagara Power. The international aspect of Niagara power. The misunderstanding in the United States that the Falls are in danger of being destroyed. Public sentiment in the United States, finding expression in the Burton Bill of the United States with regard to ownership and control over the waters of the Niagara River. The determination to control the navigation of the River, to protect the integrity of the frontier and to preserve the beauty of Niagara Falls. Public opinion on the Canadian side, finding expression in the Beck law. Recommendations from the International Waterways Commission. Limiting the amount of water which can be diverted on the American side, and of electricity which can be transmitted from the Canadian side. The future of Niagara to be worked out on these lines: The Falls must and shall be preserved; The greatest amount of power consistent with the preservation of the Falls must and shall be developed and distributed as widely as possible at the lowest possible cost. The importance of this power to Ontario. The importance of power itself as the fundamental prime mover of modern civilization. The history of the use of the energy of falling water, its application limited to a few hundred years from the spot where the water fell until near the beginning of the present century. Ways in which the use of falling water as a source of power is economical in comparison with other sources of energy. Use of electric power. The advantages of this power for Ontario, with examples.