Vladimir Putin

Hughes, J.L.

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Progress in the field of education. Reference to the cadet work in the Schools; establishing a true relation between the young men of the Empire and the Empire as a whole. The importance of developing the mind and the moral nature along with the body. New development in education, centred around one thought, one element of development higher and truer: a broader recognition of the child himself and of his individual power, of his selfhood, his soul-hood. Classifying the developments into three departments for a more definite exposition: the development that has come in the training of children; the development that has come in our programmes of study; the development in our methods of teaching. Details of the changes that have come about in the last few years. The introduction of the kindergarten system by Froebel. The "do" method of training. Transforming the conditions of our environment. New ideals in modern times of what obedience means. The true ideal of obedience not subordination of one soul to another. The recognition of the child and the soul-hood of the child and the majesty of that soul-hood which has revolutionized all methods not only of training but teaching. The attitude towards the law itself; becoming directive, rather than restrictive. Desiring a positive self-control. Rapid developing in training in Toronto, yet still behind. Instances of progress from other countries with regard to the elimination of corporal punishment. Changes in the matter of programmes, and reasons for those changes. "Kindling" children through literature, art, music, science, and mathematics as well as by manual training. University programmes. Changes in teaching methods, based on the same ground-work and philosophy. Giving a great deal more choice in terms of school work. A fundamental ideal of the new education that it is for the purpose of developing in each child a consciousness of his own tastes, his own tendencies and his own powers.