Caldwell, Professor W., Montreal
The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.
The speaker's recent lecture in Warsaw on Canada at the request of the Polish authorities. The speaker endeavouring to work out some sort of connnection between British liberty as seen from the point of view of the Dominions and Polish liberty as seen by the European point of view. A Polish diplomat's remarks concerning the danger of the Dominions being to some extent misled by British idealism. The British doctrine of personal liberty that has had to be corrected in view of the need of an equally important thing, organization, and how that is so from the labor point of view and from the political point of view. Considering British liberty along with such things as the balance of power, and the part that Britain has to play, and must play in the Europe of today. The speaker's knowledge of this British, semi-German idealism. Our lack of organization for peace. How the war showed the breakdown of some of our traditional idealistic conceptions. The need for a new culture today, a culture that shall give better recognition to the needs and the emotions of the individual, and the place that nationality and nationalism still occupies in the world. The lessons of the war. A discussion of the Locarno arrangement that led to Germany coming into the League of Nations. The issue of Poland getting their seat in the League. Salient points from some of the non-aggression treaties. Germany's position in terms of co-operation with the rest of Europe in regard to peace and arbitration. Some danger points. The importance of the big powers and Britain and the Dominions standing together in regard to arbitration and security and disarmament. The speaker's lecture in Poland. The importance of Britain and the Dominions apprehending the reality and the value to our common cause of peace in the New Europe that has come out of the war. Some description of what the speaker saw in Poland, and what he learned. The difficulties of the Polish resisting Bolshevism. The reality of the new Poland. Poland's relationship with Russia, and with Germany. The new country of Czechoslovakia and from whence it came. Czechoslovakia together with Yugoslavia and Rumania united for peace and progress. Efforts at increasing rapprochement between Poland and Czechoslovakia. These two countries to lead the way to a United States of Europe. A hundred millions of free peoples in Central Europe depending on the maintenance of the status quo in Europe, brought about by the peace conditions of Locarno. Such maintenance also dependent upon the interest taken by Great Britain and the Dominions in this status quo, and the League of Nations, which is its chief supporter. Canada's role in the League. Increasing the moral outlawry of war by the civilized world. Canada regarded as a possible interpreter between the two great branches of the English speaking race. A request by the speaker for us to think of what Canadians can do in maintaining what is good and true in Anglo-Saxon ideals, and in the principles of western civilization. The speaker's belief in Canada's leadership as a stabilizing influence within the British Empire, in the development of freedom, and therefore a stabilizing influence in the new Central Europe and the League and the new nations that have come out of the war.