Martin, Hon. John S.
The speeches are free of charge but please note that the Empire Club of Canada retains copyright. Neither the speeches themselves nor any part of their content may be used for any purpose other than personal interest or research without the explicit permission of the Empire Club of Canada.
The importance of the issue of the future of Canada's agricultural industry. The prosperity of agriculture as the basis of prosperity of Canada. The issue is addressed under the following headings: Historical Background; Methods and Conditions of Living; Distribution of Population; As to the Future; Changing Tendencies; The Story of New Zealand; Some Problems of the Future. During this discussion, many topics are addressed, including the following. Noting the progress of the past fifty years, with figures and statistics. The growth in population and in wealth that have accompanied the development indicated by these figures. Remarkable changes in the methods of production and the conditions of living that have gone along with this development. Effects of the introduction of machinery. Changes in the distribution of population, with figures to show the distribution. Rural depopulation in Ontario: where the people went. Taking the long view when looking to the future: an optimistic look. Recognizing that our basic conditions are sound and that we still have a vast wealth of undeveloped resources which will give profitable employment to a vastly greater population than we have today. A lack of corresponding increase in live stock production when compared with acreage under crop. The speaker's belief that the most notable development of the next 25 or 50 years will be along the lines of live stock, which means more diversified and specialized farming. Limits to specialized farming. A closer look at butter production and world markets. A lesson to be learned from New Zealand about adapting farming operation and changing conditions. Canada's advantages over New Zealand. Problems of the future to be addressed: the economic problem involve din the bringing about of adjustments which will put the purchasing power of the farmer's dollar back where it was before the war; immigration; education as if affects agriculture; modernizing farming; competition. A closer look at the farmer's day. The issue of co-operation; an example from Denmark. The problem of citizenship involved in the better understanding between the people of the city and the country.
Sir John Martin Harvey added some comments.