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Observations and impressions from the speaker's recent round-the-world flight by Pan-American Airways. Discouragement from what was seen in Britain because of the enormous difficulties under which the Mother Country is labouring. The spirit of independence throughout the World today which goes far beyond political lines and has even entered into trade. The example of the nations of the Commonwealth and most of the Colonies, and even those Foreign Countries who are within the "Sterling-Bloc" wanting to do their own manufacturing as opposed to Britain being the manufacturing centre for a large part of the world. Talking to people on the street in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkey's enviable position, having avoided the troubles, difficulties, and the terrors of war. Modernization in Turkey. Positive changes brought about by the now late founder of the Republic in Turkey, who was a Dictator. Arabia, where the Anglo-American Oil Company is at work. A wonderful example of what private enterprise can do in modernizing a backward country. Details of modernization and progress, especially in education. A most discouraging situation in Calcutta. People with no homes, no money, no food and no occupation; starvation rampant. Conditions growing worse since the withdrawal of the British. Limitations of India's spiritual leaders. Religious problems in India between the Hindus and the Moslems. The fear that Russia could take over India if she wanted to. Siam also an unsettled country, with much disease and health problems. The Philippines as a great demonstration of what can be accomplished due to the introduction of American schools, sanitation, and water systems. Bringing the Philippines to a condition of self-support. The willingness of the Filipinos to pay back taxes for the period of the Japanese occupation as an indication that they are attempting to rebuild their country. Great ingenuity shown in Manila in reconstructing reparable buildings. The rich natural resources of The Philippines. Shanghai: a teeming city of more than seven million people, most of them in a state of semi-starvation with no obvious way out. Some illustrations of the financial problems in China. Japan and evidence of the tremendous job done by General MacArthur. A review of the Japanese attitude to the war, and to defeat. The speaker's recommendations to the President of the United States, on his return from this trip. The suggestion that the solution for the backward countries of the World would be to send them teams of doctors and practical nurses, and also have American enterprise build pilot plants for the manufacture of penicillin, which can now be made out of wood pulp. Further suggestions to aid in the development of the backward countries, especially in the agricultural field. The need throughout the World for more business enterprise. The speaker's concern over Russian aggression, and his evidence for it.