Vladimir Putin

Lee, Brig. Gen. C.F.

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The development of the airplane during the War. The state of affairs in 1913 and the latter part of 1912. Changes since then. Useless now for a designer to set out planning a machine which has no definite purpose. Flying itself today as the easiest part of the pilot's task. The various duties for which machines have to be designed today for war purposes: artillery observation or spotting, day bombing, night bombing, high flying single seater scouts, middle flying scouts, two seater fighters and those prepared for the armoured machine. The need for the pilot to be able to fight in an airplane built today. Speculation that peace time will alter the whole design of machines to focus on comfort. The difficult task of the designer from the point of view of the war. Current capabilities with regard to speed and climb. The factor of safety. The instance of the Bristol Monoplane. Differences between engines and machines, with explication and example. Instrumentation which pilots of night machines must take advantage. The raids into Germany. Accessories for all the various types of machines which necessitate extremely difficult and strenuous training. The example of gunnery with a review of development. The production of the synchronized gear. The De Haviland design, not worried by a synchronized gear. Gun firing rates. The beginning of the development of the branch of bombing by the Italians in 1912. The issue of indiscriminate bombing. Photography for war purposes, absolutely unknown before this War. Nearly the whole German line opposite the British front now covered at least once every day by a photographer in his machine. The value of such photographs. The artillery now relying upon aeroplanes for its shooting, which a machine designed especially for this purpose. The use of wireless. Today only the beginning of flying. Instances of what aeroplanes have been used for. A concluding reading from "The War in the Air."

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