Philip, Percy James
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"Trouble always begins with rudeness and insults." The discarding of the art of diplomacy and the necessity to return to it if we want to prevent the hysterical way we are quarreling publicly about peace to turn into a shooting war. The speaker's belief that the United Nations Organisation does not offer a good solution of the problem of how nations can be brought to live together amicably and in mutual respect, while remaining non-critical. Now the situation becoming critical; the speaker's wish to speak frankly. A discussion follows. The issue of the veto power. A backward look at the invasion of South Korea by the Communist trained forces of North Korea last year. Emotions and confusion aroused by the Korean war. The feeling now that the Korean war might have been avoided, and how. A consideration of the greatest weakness of the UNO; it has so far been more inclined to be swept by emotion than controlled by wise judgment; reasons for that. Examples of situations prior to the UN and how they were handled; how they might have been handled for the worse if the UN had been involved. The speaker's fear of this emotionalism, "of the moral evangelical indignation of the west, of the unstable excited ambitions of the east, of the greed, envy and hate which lie behind so many demands for change." The need to reduce the fever which is threatening to destroy that frail flower of the spirit and the mind of man that we call civilisation. A suggestion for a first step. Some remarks about the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the setting up in Europe of an integrated force under the command of General Eisenhower, to which Canada has contributed. The speaker's belief that the necessity for NATO lay in the failure of UNO, and how that is so. NATO so far avoiding most of the mistakes and weaknesses of the UN. The need to "speak softly and carry a big stick." The essential need that NATO be kept under civilian control. A suggestion for a better way of doing things than has been seen recently. Rules to win the cold war.