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The oath taken by the late Emperor, Meiji Tenno, in 1868 at the sanctuary dedicated to the worship of his Imperial ancestors, making various promises through five principles with regard to representative government in Japan, which may be said to embody the whole of the policy by means of which Japan has attained her present position among the nations of the world. A quotation to show the spirit in which this oath was taken and proclaimed to the people of Japan, revealed through the manifesto issued by Meiji Tenno to his people on March 14, 1868. The nature of Japanese government according to Baron Hozumi in his work "Ancester-Worship and Japanese Law." A review of some of the landmarks in the history of the phenomenal transition of Japan from a medieval feudal state in 1868 to a modern constitutional monarchy with all the forms of representative government in national, local and municipal administration. Some data relating to the organization of the House of Representatives of the Imperial Diet, which corresponds to the House of Commons of the British Parliament, and of the Local Assemblies. Suffrage for the election of members of the House of Representatives. The number of men entitled to vote in 1912. Qualifications to become a member of the House of Representatives. Franchise for the election of members of a local assembly. Tax qualification for being elected a member. Conclusions.